Learn bits
Awards
Mahesh

10/07/24 08:58 AM IST

Order of Saint Andrew the Apostle, conferred upon PM Modi

In News
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi was recently awarded Russia’s highest civilian honour, the Order of Saint Andrew the Apostle, during his visit to the country.
About Award
  • The award is given to prominent government and public figures, military leaders, and outstanding representatives of science, culture, art, and various sectors of the economy for exceptional services to Russia.
  • It can also be awarded to heads of foreign states for outstanding services to the Russian Federation.
  • Its name comes from Saint Andrew, who is believed to be one of the apostles or 12 original followers of Jesus.
  • After Christ’s crucifixion, the apostles are said to have travelled great distances to spread his message.
  • Saint Andrew travelled to Russia, Greece, and other places in Europe and Asia, and founded the Church of Constantinople, which later led to the establishment of the Russian Orthodox Church.
  • More than 90 million people follow the Church in Russia, out of the country’s population of around 140 million.
  • Saint Andrew is regarded as the patron saint of Russia and Scotland.
  • The ‘X’ symbol on the flag of Scotland comes from the saint’s symbol, called the ‘Saltire’. It is believed that he was crucified on a cross of a similar shape.
  • Tsar Peter the Great (1672–1725) established the Order of Saint Andrew in 1698.
  • The chain of the Order consists of 17 alternating links, and features a gilded image of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation, a double-headed eagle.
  • It also includes a badge, a star, and a light blue silk moire ribbon.
  • For those recognised for distinction in combat, the badge and star are adorned with swords.
  • The order was abolished in 1918 following the Russian Revolution, which overthrew the Tsarist regime.
  • It was re-established in 1998 by an Executive Order of the President of Russia.
Who has received the honour earlier?
  • Past recipients largely include influential figures in Russia, such as military engineer and gun designer Mikhail Kalashnikov, author Sergey Mikhalkov, the last leader of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev, Russian Orthodox Church leader Patriarch Alexy II, and the current head of the Russian Orthodox Church Patriarch Krill.
  • Foreign leaders who have been honoured in the past include Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2017, and the former President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev.
Source- Indian Express

More Related Current Affairs View All

21 Jul

Rules for IAS probationers

 'The Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) formed a one person committee to look into the complaints against the officer which would also scrutinise the alleged discrep

Read More

21 Jul

Gender gap in education

'The World Economic Forum (WEF) report of 2024 on global gender gaps recently ranked India at 129 out of 146 economies.' The Union Education Ministry tracks school and college e

Read More

21 Jul

Windows outage

'In an worldwide IT outage of epic proportions from CrowdStrike Holdings following the cybersecurity company's software update for Microsoft Windows, systems critical to various se

Read More

India’s First Ai-Driven Magazine Generator

Generate Your Custom Current Affairs Magazine using our AI in just 3 steps