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Odisha Adarsha Vidyalayas (OAV), the ‘Mo School’ Abhiyan

Schemes & Policies20 Nov 2023| A-AA+

In News

  • The Odisha government’s revolutionary reforms in the State’s public education sector through the Odisha Adarsha Vidyalayas (OAV), the ‘Mo School’ Abhiyan, and the 5T- High School Transformation Programme are on their way to making government schools better than private schools in all parameters.
Education World India School Rankings 2022-23
  • Education World India School Rankings 2022-23 ranked the OAV in Polasara block of Ganjam district the fifth-best school in the government-run day school category, and two more OAVs among the top 10.
  • Odisha’s OAV model aims to bridge the rural-urban gap by providing accessible, qualitative and affordable English-medium education.
  • There are 315 English medium co-ed OAVs in all 314 blocks in rural and semi-urban areas (as of February 2023).
  • They ensure representation for Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, and female students through reservations.
  • This has led to a higher enrolment of female students (43,410) compared to males (30,949).
  • Thirty-one vulnerable children who had been victims of child abuse, trafficking, child labour, and child marriage were rescued and prepared for the OAV entrance in 2021.
  • OAVs also provide different types of coaching facilities to enable students crack national-level tests.
  • Twenty-four OAV students cracked the NEET exam in July 2023. OAVs have promoted social equity by providing a level-playing field to students from rural and poor socio-economic backgrounds.
Focus of OAVs
  • To address pedagogical gaps, the OAV model focuses on continuous teacher education programmes and maintains a teacher-pupil ratio of 1:25.
  • It has also leveraged digital technology to enhance the accountability and transparency of the system.
  • The Enterprise Resource Planning system and OAV Sangathan website help track the academic and non-academic progress of each child alongside monitoring the performance of each school, enabling timely strategic interventions.
  • Plans are afoot to transform the OAVs into scientifically upgraded Centres of Excellence to foster an ecosystem of innovation and inquiry-driven learning.
Mo School Abhiyan
  • In 2017, Odisha launched the Mo School Abhiyan, a one-of-its-kind initiative that strives to motivate and mobilise the alumni community to contribute towards revamping the government schools in Odisha.
  • Founded on five pillars — connect, collaborate, contribute, create and celebrate — the programme connects the schools with alumni from various fields and promotes alumni mentorship for the students.
  • Deeper collaboration between the alumni, school authorities, and the district administration facilitates students’ exposure to exchange programmes, sports and cultural events, and also helps in creating stronger infrastructure.
  • More than 33,000 schools in about 30 districts in Odisha have seen engagement from over six lakh alumni members under the Mo School Abhiyan.
  • The School Adoption Programme (SAP), under the above programme, enables the alumni to make financial contributions to the schools adopted by them.
  • More than 5.5 lakh contributors including ministers, MPs and MLAs, bureaucrats, professionals, and judges have contributed more than ₹797 crore in 40,855 schools.
5T Concept
  • The 5T-High School Transformation Programme is rooted in the 5T concept of transparency, technology, teamwork, and timeliness leading to transformation.
  • Launched in 2021, the programme focuses on the adoption of educational technology, in the form of smart and digital classrooms, e-libraries, modern science laboratories, improved sanitation facilities, and sports facilities in all high schools.
  • As of today, a total of 6,872 high schools have been transformed at a cost of ₹3,411 crore.
  • The programme also caters to the needs of specially abled children.
  • It provides assistive devices and tailored teaching-learning materials for students with autism, cerebral palsy, and intellectual disabilities.
  • The government has also launched campaigns like ‘Mo School Hockey Clubs’ and ‘Football for All’, thus enabling holistic development of students’ personalities.
  • This proactive approach to transforming the education system has led to an unprecedented shift in enrolment patterns.
  • In 2019-20, private schools had 16,05,000 students; in 2021-22, this number dwindled to 14,62,000. Currently, 81% of students in the State are studying in government schools.
  • The interventions by the Odisha government led by Naveen Patnaik have ensured that education is treated as a public good in essence and spirit and have created a strong legacy of an education model founded on equality and excellence.
Source- The Hindu